I am interested in the subject of desire and pleasure especially in light of modern science / psychology and the Epicurean Philosophy.
I know Maslow´s pyramide, which considers not only basic desires but goes on till self improvement and personal values, transcendence/knowledge.
In the past I used to associate the lower levels with Epicurean philosophy and the higher with Stoic philosophy, the classical prejudice I think (Yes sorry I am a Convert from the Stoic camp and have to disentangle me from this system ).
But I think Epicurus maybe would embrace them but warn for the higher levels.
Maybe the lower levels (Deficiency Needs ) would be the "natural & necessary" desires
The higher levels (Growth Needs) "natural & unnecessary" ?
But if my survival is saved I could go through self-improvement (if that´s pleasure for me )?
But for example for self-improvement, learning new languages could be a desire without a limit, so -> unnecessary, but natural to have such desires ?
Or is this a complete wrong take ? Because there are the virtues.
In what category is the desire to become more virtuous ?
Or do I make here a category error ? For all desire´s we need virtue. And here lurks the mistake to confuse the goal (pleasure) with the means (virtue).
Virtue is the greatest -> means <- for a happy life
What are your opinions about this subject ?