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-====== The EpicureanFriends Wiki ======+Welcome to the **[[http://​www.epicureanfriends.com|EpicureanFriends]] Wiki, **where we maintain copies of core Epicurean documents such as the [[:​principal_doctrines|Principal Doctrines,​]] the [[:​vatican_list_of_sayings|Vatican Sayings,]] and the [[:​biography_of_epicurus|Biography of Epicurus]] by Diogenes Laertius. We also have direct links to the surviving [[:​letters_of_epicurus|Letters]] of Epicurus ([[:​letter_to_herodotus|Herodotus]],​ [[:​letter_to_pythocles|Pythocles]],​ and [[:​letter_to_menoeceus|Menoeceus]]),​ and a collapsible [[http://​www.newepicurean.com/​overview.htm|Overview Outline of Epicurean Philosophy]]. Our reference edition of [[:​on_the_nature_of_things|Lucretius'​ "On The Nature of Things]],"​ features three classic public domain translations.{{ ​ :​epicurusemblemsmaller.jpg?​direct&​100|epicurusemblemsmaller.jpg}}
  
-----+If you are new to Epicurean philosophy, please check chapter 1 of Norman DeWitt'​s [[:​epicurus_and_his_philosophy|Epicurus and His Philosophy]] for one of the best summaries of Epicurean philosophy available anywhere.
  
-//When human life to view lay foully prostrate upon earth, crushed down under the weight ​of religion, who showed her head from the quarters of heaven with hideous aspect, lowering upon mortals, a man of Greece ventured first to lift up his mortal eyes to her face and first to withstand her to her face. Him neither story of gods nor thunderbolts nor heaven with threatening roar could quell: they only chafed the more the eager courage of his soul, filling him with desire to be the first to burst the fast bars of nature’s portals. Therefore the living force of his soul gained the day: on he passed far beyond the flaming walls of the world and traversed throughout in mind and spirit the immeasurable universe; whence he returns a conqueror to tell us what can, what cannot come into being; in short on what principle each thing has its powers defined, its deep-set boundary mark. Therefore religion is put underfoot and trampled upon in turn; us his victory brings level with heaven.// - **[[:​on_the_nature_of_things|Lucretius - Book 1]]**+===== Features ​of this Wiki =====
  
-----+The goal of this website is to provide easy access to the surviving core materials so that each person can decide individually which interpretations are most likely correct. The study of Epicurus therefore begins with observation of basic aspects of Nature ​much the same process presented by Lucretius in his "On The Nature of Things,"​ which is a poetic summary of a much longer encyclopedic study of human affairs by Epicurus himself.
  
 +A recurring topic of interest is [[:​epicurean_v_stoic|Epicurean v Stoic]]. There are many ways to find help here: Consult our [[:​faq|FAQ]],​ [[:​chat_with_other_epicureans|]],​ or read about the three branches of Epicurean thought: (1) [[:​the_science_of_knowledge_canonics|The Science of Knowledge (Canonics)]],​ (2) [[:​the_nature_of_the_universe_physics|The Nature of The Universe (Physics)]],​ and (3) [[:​how_to_live_ethics|]]
  
-===== Welcome =====+We also have essential material on the core surviving texts from the Epicurean period, including the [[:​biography_of_epicurus|Biography of Epicurus]], the [[:​letters_of_epicurus|]],​ and the [[:​summaries_of_epicurus_doctrines_and_sayings|]].
  
-Welcome to the **[[http://​www.epicureanfriends.com|EpicureanFriends]] Wiki**, where we are working to bring the message of happy living through the philosophy of Epicurus to a new generation. Be sure to check out our [[http://​www.newepicurean.com/​overview.htm|Overview Outline of Epicurean Philosophy]]. Our latest major project is the preparation of a reference edition of [[:​on_the_nature_of_things|Lucretius'​ "On The Nature ​of Things]]," featuring three classic narrative translations into English, all in the public domain, from which the reader can drill down to the most likely probable meaning of each section of text. If you would like to help with this project please check [[http://​www.epicureanfriends.com/​index.php?​thread/​455-versions-of-the-text-of-lucretius-1743-daniel-browne-edition-unknown-translator/&​postID=1224#​post1224|here]].+Secondary sources which also shed much light on Epicurean doctrine ​are found in [[:lucretius|Lucretius]]' epic poem [[:​on_the_nature_of_things|On The Nature ​Of Things]], ​and the [[:inscription_of_diogenes_of_oinoanda|Inscription Of Diogenes Of Oinoanda]].
  
-If you are new to Epicurean ​philosophyor if you have not previously read itone of the very best summaries ​of the philosophy ever written is Chapter 1 of Norman DeWitt's [[:epicurus_and_his_philosophy|Epicurus ​and His Philosophy]] available here for free.  This is one of the best summaries ​of Epicurean philosophy available anywhere.+Other sources, many of which must be taken carefully as they incorporate anti-Epicurean ​polemicsinclude works from Cicerosuch as [[:​torquatus_on_the_highest_good|Torquatus On The Highest Good]] from "On Ends" and [[:​velleius_on_divinity|Velleius On Divinity]] from "On The Nature ​of the Gods."​ 
 + 
 +{{:​epicurusbysarantea.jpg?​100 ​ |epicurusbysarantea.jpg}} 
 + 
 +//**See Also:​**// ​ [[http://​www.epicureandocs.com|Epicureandocs.com - key Epicurean documents]] Important non-Epicurean sources ​of information include Cicero'​s ​"[[:on_ends|On Ends]]" ​and "​[[:​on_the_nature_of_the_gods|On The Nature of the Gods]]" Source material ​for responding to anti-Epicurean arguments will be found here at the [[:​battle_for_the_goal_of_life|Battle For The Goal of Life]], and also over time will come a compilation of cites on the [[:​full_cup_-_fullness_of_pleasure_model|Full Cup - Fullness ​of Pleasure Model]]. A good researchers reference for [[:​horace|]].
  
 ---- ----
  
- +===== Why We Are Here =====
-===== Summary ​=====+
  
 Epicurean philosophy is best known today for its ethics - the advocacy of “pleasure” rather than divine revelation or abstract logic - as the guide to life. Many of the most challenging and beneficial aspects of the philosophy, however, stem from its deeper world views on the nature of the universe and the proper basis of human knowledge. The purpose of this web site is to equip you with the background that will help you explore all of these fascinating aspects and apply them productively to your own life. Epicurean philosophy is best known today for its ethics - the advocacy of “pleasure” rather than divine revelation or abstract logic - as the guide to life. Many of the most challenging and beneficial aspects of the philosophy, however, stem from its deeper world views on the nature of the universe and the proper basis of human knowledge. The purpose of this web site is to equip you with the background that will help you explore all of these fascinating aspects and apply them productively to your own life.
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 All feelings experienced by a human being, in any field – including ethics, religion, art, love, hate, or any other physical or mental activity – constitute feelings of either pleasure or pain. Thus any experience which is not painful is pleasurable,​ any experience which is not pleasurable is painful, and we naturally desire without the need of reasoning, logic, or divine revelation that pleasure be present and pain be absent. All feelings experienced by a human being, in any field – including ethics, religion, art, love, hate, or any other physical or mental activity – constitute feelings of either pleasure or pain. Thus any experience which is not painful is pleasurable,​ any experience which is not pleasurable is painful, and we naturally desire without the need of reasoning, logic, or divine revelation that pleasure be present and pain be absent.
- 
-{{  :​epicurusemblemsmaller.jpg?​direct&​100|epicurusemblemsmaller.jpg}} 
  
 From this base, Epicurus concluded that the natural desire of all uncorrupted living things is to experience a life of pleasure. Due to the inverse relationship between pleasure and pain as two sides of the same faculty, this natural desire can be described interchangeably as living with the maximum presence of pleasure or the maximum absence of pain. Because Nature programs animate beings to desire pleasure, pain is to be avoided, and accepted only as necessary in support of pleasurable living. For human beings and higher animals which are able to comprehend the nature of time, this means that pleasure should not be measured narrowly by the immediate moment, but broadly over the expected lifetime. From this base, Epicurus concluded that the natural desire of all uncorrupted living things is to experience a life of pleasure. Due to the inverse relationship between pleasure and pain as two sides of the same faculty, this natural desire can be described interchangeably as living with the maximum presence of pleasure or the maximum absence of pain. Because Nature programs animate beings to desire pleasure, pain is to be avoided, and accepted only as necessary in support of pleasurable living. For human beings and higher animals which are able to comprehend the nature of time, this means that pleasure should not be measured narrowly by the immediate moment, but broadly over the expected lifetime.
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 Although many anti-Epicureans directly embrace the view that pleasure is bad and a thing to be suppressed, confusion on these points arises even among honest students of Epicurus. Much of the problem can be attributed to failing to observe that the structure of Epicurean philosophy is cemented firmly into a series of unmovable building-blocks. These “deep-set markers” were a set of specific conclusions about the Nature of the Universe and of Knowledge that, once established,​ were followed consistently and without exception by the ancient Epicureans. Error and confusion are bound to follow if the student starts with a study of Epicurean ethics (the higher levels of the structure) without first studying the Epicurean conclusions about the nature of Physics and Knowledge, which provide the necessary foundation. The error of accepting any view that implies that pleasure is “bad” (undesirable) stems from failing to remember that in the Epicurean canon, pleasure is the only faculty given by Nature by which to determine that which is “good” (desirable) Although many anti-Epicureans directly embrace the view that pleasure is bad and a thing to be suppressed, confusion on these points arises even among honest students of Epicurus. Much of the problem can be attributed to failing to observe that the structure of Epicurean philosophy is cemented firmly into a series of unmovable building-blocks. These “deep-set markers” were a set of specific conclusions about the Nature of the Universe and of Knowledge that, once established,​ were followed consistently and without exception by the ancient Epicureans. Error and confusion are bound to follow if the student starts with a study of Epicurean ethics (the higher levels of the structure) without first studying the Epicurean conclusions about the nature of Physics and Knowledge, which provide the necessary foundation. The error of accepting any view that implies that pleasure is “bad” (undesirable) stems from failing to remember that in the Epicurean canon, pleasure is the only faculty given by Nature by which to determine that which is “good” (desirable)
- 
-{{:​epicurusbysarantea.jpg?​100 ​ |epicurusbysarantea.jpg}} 
  
 As another example of a field ripe for confusion due to modern terminology,​ Epicurean ideas in the field of religion do not start with detailed speculations about such things as what language “gods” might speak. Long before the nature of “gods” can be considered, the Epicurean student would be taught that the elementary principles of physics establish that matter can neither be created nor destroyed, that the atoms are constantly in motion, and that the universe as a whole is infinite in extent and eternal in time. Followed logically to their conclusion, these and other observations in the field of physics make it impossible for an Epicurean to accept standard definitions of “gods,” “blessedness,​” or “divinity.” Epicureans from childhood would have been taught as a matter of elemental physics to reject out of hand any suggestion of all-powerful beings, created universes, disembodied spirits, or souls living on in heaven or hell after separation from the body. As another example of a field ripe for confusion due to modern terminology,​ Epicurean ideas in the field of religion do not start with detailed speculations about such things as what language “gods” might speak. Long before the nature of “gods” can be considered, the Epicurean student would be taught that the elementary principles of physics establish that matter can neither be created nor destroyed, that the atoms are constantly in motion, and that the universe as a whole is infinite in extent and eternal in time. Followed logically to their conclusion, these and other observations in the field of physics make it impossible for an Epicurean to accept standard definitions of “gods,” “blessedness,​” or “divinity.” Epicureans from childhood would have been taught as a matter of elemental physics to reject out of hand any suggestion of all-powerful beings, created universes, disembodied spirits, or souls living on in heaven or hell after separation from the body.
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 In all aspects of human life, from religion to ethics, the Epicurean philosophy is built from the ground up to replace the irrational speculations and terminology of those who reject the evidence of Nature. In all aspects of human life, from religion to ethics, the Epicurean philosophy is built from the ground up to replace the irrational speculations and terminology of those who reject the evidence of Nature.
- 
----- 
- 
----- 
- 
-===== Features of this Wiki ===== 
- 
-The goal of this website is to provide easy access to the surviving core materials so that each person can decide individually which interpretations are most likely correct. The study of Epicurus therefore begins with observation of basic aspects of Nature - much the same process presented by Lucretius in his "On The Nature of Things,"​ which is a poetic summary of a much longer encyclopedic study of human affairs by Epicurus himself. 
- 
-A recurring topic of interest is [[:​epicurean_v_stoic|Epicurean v Stoic]]. 
- 
-The main navigational aids of this website are set up to emphasize this basic structure. First on the list is the Biography of Epicurus by Diogenes Laertius, which is the most important primary source for what we know about Epicurus. This text contains not only basic biographical information about Epicurus and the Epicurean movement, but also contains the Principle Doctrines, The Sayings About the Wise Man, and The Letters of Epicurus. 
- 
-There are many ways to find help here: Consult our [[:​faq|FAQ]],​ [[:​chat_with_other_epicureans|Chat With Other Epicureans]],​ or read about the three branches of Epicurean thought: (1) [[:​the_science_of_knowledge_canonics|The Science of Knowledge (Canonics)]],​ (2) [[:​the_nature_of_the_universe_physics|The Nature of The Universe (Physics)]],​ and (3) [[:​how_to_live_ethics|How To Live (Ethics)]] 
- 
-We also have essential material on the core surviving texts from the Epicurean period, including the [[:​biography_of_epicurus|Biography of Epicurus]], the [[:​letters_of_epicurus|Letters of Epicurus]], and the [[:​summaries_of_epicurus_doctrines_and_sayings|Summaries of Epicurus'​ Doctrines and Sayings]]. 
- 
-Secondary sources which also shed much light on Epicurean doctrine are found in [[:​lucretius|Lucretius]]'​ epic poem [[:​on_the_nature_of_things|On The Nature Of Things]], and the [[:​inscription_of_diogenes_of_oinoanda|Inscription Of Diogenes Of Oinoanda]]. 
- 
-Other sources, many of which must be taken carefully as they incorporate anti-Epicurean polemics, include works from Cicero, such as [[:​torquatus_on_the_highest_good|Torquatus On The Highest Good]] from "On Ends" and [[:​velleius_on_divinity|Velleius On Divinity]] from "On The Nature of the Gods." 
- 
-//​**New:​**// ​ [[:​index_to_facebook_epicurean_group|Index To Posts At The Epicurean Philosophy Facebook Group]] 
- 
-//**See Also:​**// ​ [[http://​www.epicureandocs.com|Epicureandocs.com - key Epicurean documents]] Important non-Epicurean sources of information include Cicero'​s "​[[:​on_ends|On Ends]]"​ and "​[[:​on_the_nature_of_the_gods|On The Nature of the Gods]]"​ Source material for responding to anti-Epicurean arguments will be found here at the [[:​battle_for_the_goal_of_life|Battle For The Goal of Life]], and also over time will come a compilation of cites on the [[:​full_cup_-_fullness_of_pleasure_model|Full Cup - Fullness of Pleasure Model]]. A good researchers reference for [[:​horace|Horace]]. 
- 
-The material on these pages is prepared and updated by [[:​dedicated_epicureans|dedicated Epicureans]] who are involved in a variety of [[:​epicurean_websites|Epicurean websites]]. If you would like to participate,​ please [[:​join_us_for_discussions|join us for discussions]] about Epicurean Philosophy at[[http://​www.epicureanfriends.com/​| EpicureanFriends.com]] and see how you can help with this project. 
  
 {{  :​epicureanfriendsmainlogo2.png?​200 ​ |http://​www.epicureanfriends.com/​cms/?​id=1}} {{  :​epicureanfriendsmainlogo2.png?​200 ​ |http://​www.epicureanfriends.com/​cms/?​id=1}}
  
  
start.1528161074.txt.gz · Last modified: 2018/06/04 21:11 by cassius